Great Pyramid of Giza (Giza Necropolis, Egypt)
The great pyramid of Giza is an ancient monument in Egypt. It is located in the Giza plateau near the modern city of Cairo. The pyramid was built during the rule of King Khufu. It took almost twenty years to build the monument. It is regarded as one of the tallest handmade structure in the world. It is believed that the Pyramid was constructed as the tomb of the king.
- Great Wall of China (China):
The Great Wall of China was built to protect the Chinese borders from the invading Mongols. The wall is built by bricks and stones and spans nearly 13000 miles making it one of the largest manmade structure on Earth. The wall is built across mountain passes and ridges. Although the wall was built to prevent invasion and raid but actually it failed to serve that purpose.
2. Petra (Jordon):
The ancient city of Petra in Jordon flourished rapidly during the rule of the Nabataeans as they made it their capital. The Nabataeans made extremely artistic use of sandstones to curve distinct architecture which included dwelling places, temples and tombs. Moreover they constructed one of the most technologically advanced water management system. The city reportedly had a population of 30000. The city was ruined by two back to back earthquakes and was ultimately abandoned. However the city still offers a glimpse of the ancient roman architecture.
3. The Colosseum(Rome, Italy):
The Colosseum is actually a massive amphitheater which represents the great roman architectural innovation. During the Roman Empire it was used for gladiator, hunting shows and public execution. Almost 50000 people could sit together in this massive amphitheater. It’s regarded as one of the largest amphitheater in the world.
4. Chichen Itza (Yucatan, Mexico):
Chichen Itza is an ancient city in Maxico that represent the architecture of Mayan civilization. The city flourished between 800 and 1200 AD as a major trading center and political as well as economic hub of the Mayan Civilization. A number of important monuments and temples were built during the period and the most notable among them is the pyramid El Castillo which is nearly 79 feet high. It was actually used as an astronomical observatory during the period.
5. Machu Picchu (Cuzco Region, Peru):
Machu Picchu is an ancient city in Peru is located near the Cuzco region. The city consists of a well built citadel built during the rule of Inca emperor Pachacuti in 1438 AD. The site was later abandoned by the Incas for some unknown reason. The site remained unknown until 1911 when it was rediscovered by the archeologist Hiram Bingham.
6. Taj Mahal(Agra, India):
Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the best architectural achievement of the Mughal Empire which ruled the Indian subcontinent for a few hundred years. The Mughal Empire Shajahan built this monument in memory of his wife Mumtaj. . It took almost 20 years and 20000 workers to build this monument. The monument represents a number of architectural styles including Persian, Islamic, Turkish and Indian. The monument is made of white marbles. The beautiful central dome is surrounded by four small domes. There is a lush green garden in front of the monument.
7. Christ the Redeemer (Rio de Janerio, Brazil):
Christ the Redeemer statue in Brazil is a 130 feet tall state of the art architectural achievement. It weighs about 1145 tons and made of reinforced concrete. The statue is placed on the top of a 710 meter tall mountain called Mount Corcovado in Rio de Janerio. The cost of building the monument is approximately $250000 which was raised through donation. It’s the largest art deco sculpture in the world.